We also find that childcare difficulties compound other difficulties, creating challenges paying bills and rent and increasing levels of food insecurity for many families. Nearly 50 percent of Black and Hispanic families are experiencing food insecurity and difficulty paying bills. Finally, COVID-19 in schools continues to be a significant concern for families, even as nearly all return to in-person schools and the city and state lift most of the mask mandates.
In this brief, we also make policy recommendations, based on the data, for urgent and targeted interventions to help relieve some of the extraordinary challenges that families with children face. These recommendations reflect the unique challenges of communities like Harlem and recognize that true recovery must provide immediate support and lay the foundation for long-term change.
Several key policy recommendations include working with the BIDS and churches to identify appropriate space for childcare centers; expanding eligibility for subsidized childcare to 400 percent of the poverty level to achieve universal childcare; and any childcare provider that receives the city and state subsidy must be funded to pay its workers a minimum of $45,000 per year. These workers are disproportionately female and majority Black and Hispanic.
Not only do New York’s most vulnerable families face unprecedented economic, social, and health hardships, but by not effectively addressing their needs, the entire city’s economic recovery is jeopardized. Accessible and affordable childcare will provide needed economic relief to New York’s families with children and is central to the city’s economic recovery.
About Communities Speak
Columbia University’s Communities Speak Project collects micro-data through surveys in partnership with a city-wide network of committed community-based organizations. The surveys are designed to ensure that ALL New Yorkers will have a voice in identifying priorities and that government uses data to target resources to community needs.
We are fortunate to be working with several Harlem-based organizations including the Harlem Children’s Zone, the 125th Street Business Improvement District, NY Urban League, Association to Benefit Children, Harlem Congregations for Community Improvement, NYC Mission Society, and the West Harlem Community Development Corp.
The Families with Children Policy Brief was published by Columbia SIPA and can be viewed at https://www.communitiesspeakproject.com/policy-briefs.